A queen bee cage is used by beekeepers to introduce a new queen into a colony or to capture the queen bees when the bees have swarmed.
The brown spots on the cage were caused by an accumulation of propolis, a resin-like substance bees collect from certain trees.
This queen bee cage was made and used by Peter Kowalczyk, who was born in Lubniany, Poland in 1849. Peter, his wife Francis, and their 5 children came to the United States in 1882, settling first in Wright County. In 1886, the family moved to Swan River Township in Morrison County. – MCHS Collections, #2006.91.1 a&b